Widely believed to once have been the largest temple in Ancient Rome, the Temple of Venus and Roma is located on the Velian Hill, right next to the Colosseum. Constructed in 135 AD, the temple was dedicated to the goddesses Venus Felix ("Venus the Bringer of Good Fortune") and Roma Aeterna ("Eternal Rome"). It is believed that a severe earthquake in the 9th century destroyed the temple. Later, a church was built in its place, ordered by Pope Leo IV. Only a few columns of the old temple remain standing today.